Thanks to a tax payer-funded and largely decentralized health care system, Sweden offers inexpensive, heavily subsidized, and high quality public health care for everyone who lives or works in Sweden.
The Swedish Health care system
Health care in Sweden is largely tax-funded, a system that ensures everyone equal access to health care services.
The health clinic, your first point of contact
The health clinic becomes your first point of contact with medical services when you become sick or sustain mild injuries. As part of the publicity funded social insurance, you only pay a moderate fee when visiting a doctor or physiotherapist within the national health scheme. Children receive free health care up to the age of 20 in Skåne.
In case of an emergency, dial 112, or go to the nearest Accident and Emergency ward at the hospital (“Akuten”).
If you are unsure whether to visit the hospital or health clinic, call the medical advice telephone service, dial 1177. They can advise you if you need to visit the Emergency Ward, seek medical care through a district clinic or advise you what to do until seeking medical care the next day if you prefer to visit your own local clinic. Have the personal number handy of the person seeking medical care.
For non-urgent matters, these are handled by local health clinics (more information above).
Illness & sick pay
If you are unable to work and need to stay at home due to illness, you receive no wages or sick pay on the first day ("karensdag"). After the first day, you receive sick pay from your employer for the next two weeks. If, however, you are still sick after one week, a doctor’s certificate will be requested by your employer. Following the initial two-week period, sickness benefits are then paid out and administrated by The Swedish Insurance Agency, “Försäkringskassan”:
In Sweden dental care is not covered in the same way as other medical treatments. As an adult you pay a high proportion of your dental check-ups and treatments yourself. But dental care is free up until December 31st in the year you turn 22.
Unlike health care, dental treatment fees can vary in which you pay a larger share of the costs, so it is wise to compare prices. Many dental clinics offer a special monthly insurance in order to lower the price of dental care. If you are in need of dental care on a regular basis then it could be a benefit to get a dental insurance.